Longevity is acquired when a series of factors come together, such as: acquired diet, exercise, low stress, well – genetics , well-being, in addition to taking responsibility for all of the elements involved in good health.
Aging of the skin and the cells in all the organs of the body is part of a natural process which is determined by the genes.
The Immune system plays a large role in this aging process with its operation center located in the thymus gland. when this gland begins to fail, the immune system of the body fails and organs are at the mercy of virus, bacteria, ect
Nutrients that help keep the thymus healthy are Vitamins A, C, and E along with the minerals zinc and selenium.
On the other hand, it is known that smoking and polluted air produce molecular crossing in cells and these are responsible for skin and tissue hardening which causes brittle and wrinkled skin.
The effect of molecular crossing is also produced by free radicals which tend to destroy and disintegrate cells , proteins, and tissues, as well as the heart of cells , the DNA by oxidation.
Free radicals are produced by ultra-violet rays from the sun, by the normal metabolism of certain fats and by polluted air.
Free radicals affect cerebral cells causing old age diseases such as the loss of memory, depression, insomnia , sexual impotency, arteriosclerosis,ect
Suggestions for increasing life and well-being:
- Consume Grains: Grains are rich in proteins , minerals ( calcium, iron, potassium, sodium, magnesium) and starches Two types of grains exist:
a) Cereal: rice , corn, wheat and oats and
b) Legumes: (Rich in Proteins) all types of beans – kidney, lentil, lima garbanzos, soybeans and peas.
2. Consume Vegetables: There are as many as 5 different types of vegetables Leafy green, seed pod, flower, stalk and root.
a) Leafy : lettuce, cabbage, cilantro, swiss chard, alfalfa , spinach , parsley, mint , grape leaves, cactus, onion tops.
b) seed pods: All types of tomatoes, squash, hot peppers, eggplant, green beans, cucumber.
c) Flower: Cauliflower, broccoli, squash blossoms, artichokes , palm flowers.
d) Stalks: Celery, asparagus, mushrooms, corn smut.
c) Roots: Beets, all types of onions, garlic, carrots, radishes, turnips.
The intake of these vegetables should be varied in order to acquire the wide variety of vitamins and minerals that the body needs.
3. Consume fruits: In addition to vitamins and minerals, these products contain monosaccharide sugars which are easily assimilated by the body.
Fruit can be classified into three categories:
a) Juice: Orange, grapefruit , lime , grape, mandarin, lemon.
b) Pulp : Banana , mango , papaya, strawberry, pineapple, watermelon, cantaloupe, tamarind.
c) Endosperm: Apple, pear, peach, apricot, plum, quince, prickly pear, fig, grape, guava, kiwi, date, coconut, pomegranate, jicama.
Avocado has more calories than any other fruit.
Papaya has the most protein.
4. Consume tubers: Potatoes and yams are the most common. These products are high in polysaccharide carbohydrates (starches) . The sugars in fruits and tubers provide the most important source of energy for the body.
5. Fiber: Soluble fiber is found in oats, fruits, vegetables. It helps to lower cholesterol and concentrated sugars in the blood. Insoluble fiber that is found in cereals and legumes is good for the digestive system and protects against cancer of the colon. It is suggested to consume from 20 to 30 grams per day.
Fat : In a good diet, fat should not be omitted, as long as it is not more than 30% of the daily calorie intake.